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Case study: Energy transparent machines cut consumption by one-third

By IoT Now Magazine

A few weeks ago the World Climate Conference was held to discuss sustainability targets for lower energy consumption and less pollution. Few organisations have embraced the goals but Festo, at its Scharnhausen Technology Plant in Germany, has already shown its support for them in the Industrie 4.0, energy efficient, IoT-enabled factory

Energy efficiency often starts from the ground up in manufacturing environments and, for Festo, a major decision was to develop an energy efficiency module that is a plug-and-work solution for the pneumatic circuit as a whole. The module is able to summarise, evaluate and analyse data by using artificial intelligence (AI). The data collected can therefore be pre-processed inside the unit and/or completely transferred into a cloud. A decentralised automation platform usually collects data from different Festo devices and combines them on a valve terminal with Codesys controller on board.

In the Festo Technology Plant at Scharnhausen, this type of installation has been retrofitted to all older machines since 2015 – and is a must for all new machines. The target was to make them energy transparent and to optimise air and current consumption by dedicated switching-on and off cycles depending on several criteria – thus avoiding that energy peaks are just added without any benefit, or leakage causing high extra cost. Data had been fed via object linking and embedding (OLE) for process control (OPC) unified architecture (UA) into the on-site manufacturing execution (ME) system from SAP by its plant connection module (PCo), and further to the enterprise resource planning (ERP) system with SAP HANA cloud. Now the new solutions allow – in conjunction with other actions taken like solar panels or re-use concepts for heat – saving of up to one-third of energy compared to the old plant. Amortisation is expected to be around two years.

In the latest use cases, the data from such energy efficiency modules is brought via OPC-UA and a Festo CPX-IoT Gateway to cloud or IoT platforms like Siemens MindSphere or Rockwell Factory Talk. Festo also provides its own cloud for deeper analytics of all its pneumatic and electric drive components and mechatronic sub-systems as a long-term target. Data is also fed into SAP HANA, Festo’s on-site option in the Scharnhausen factory.

The required apps are developed by Festo, and in the case of external cloud providers, are then installed in the MindSphere environment (using Siemens MindConnect LIB) or the Rockwell Device Analytics (via Shelby Appliance or Team ONE tools). The app for the Festo energy efficiency module inside these clouds or IoT environments allows easy visualisation, quicker set-up and parametrisation of the product and online visualisation during machine run-time. The data analytics support advanced diagnostic and condition monitoring concepts and could lead into predictive maintenance systems by combining data from different sources inside the cloud.

Today, a cloud based visualisation makes many things easier, but a high degree of expertise and IT knowledge is needed to make the devices communicate to clouds offered by the market today. In total, the Festo energy efficiency module reduces energy cost, and […]

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How to use Industrie 4.0 to drive the production of the future

By IoT Now Magazine

Eberhard Klotz is the head of the Industrie 4.0 campaign at Festo, a supplier of automation technology and industrial training and education programmes. In this article he discusses the company’s activities in IoT, its view of production of the future, benefits for original equipment makers (OEMs) and end-users and partners in industrial markets with Matt Wilkins, a senior analyst of IoT Research at Strategy Analytics

Matt Wilkins: Industrie 4.0 is a key aspect of the implementation of the Internet of Things in the industrial market, what does Industrie 4.0 mean to Festo?

Eberhard Klotz: At Festo we view Industrie 4.0 as the process through which we get to the production of the future. Festo has a holistic view of the changes in the production world, considers different perspectives and, in addition to technology, also takes other key points into account, such as the interaction between man and machine, and the issue of training.

Eberhard Klotz, Head of the Industrie 4.0 campaign at Festo

The real and virtual world are growing increasingly closer: modern information and communication technologies are merging with industrial processes, increasingly changing the production landscape and the interaction with individual customers.

Industry 4.0 brings together various activities under one umbrella and describes the change that is imposing new requirements on production systems, machines and people in many areas. Festo is part of the Industrie 4.0 steering team that includes government ministries, several official bodies, along with Siemens, Bosch, SAP and Deutsche Telekom.

MW: What does production of the future look like?

EK: The first thing is that production systems will be fully connected. There will be intelligent, selfregulating and self-controlling components for plug-and-produce. Production plants will be highly flexible, allow for economical manufacturing of small batch sizes, fast balancing of the workload in a production network – including logistics, and fast adjustment to the orders in hand.

Matt Wilkins, Strategy Analytics

Finally, there will be comprehensive condition monitoring which helps to avoid or reduce downtime and optimises maintenance procedures and mobile maintenance. Essentially the faster we can be aware of an issue and analyse it, the faster we can implement a repair before a minor issue becomes a major one. Digital twins and a virtual set-up of a smart factory also allow pattern matching and detecting random errors, thus optimising downtime as well as process optimisation online.

MW: If Industrie 4.0 is the process which takes us to the production of the future, that must surely require a constant focus on refining and developing?

EK: Festo has been at the forefront of factory automation for many years. The research department helps shape the production systems of the future. So it is looking at mechatronics, the latest simulation technologies, microsystem technology and intelligent components for Industrie 4.0. In our view innovation management creates the necessary framework to turn good ideas, knowledge and technology into successful commercial products.

Our research activities include the ENTOC (Engineering Tool Chain for Efficient and Iterative Development of Smart Factories) research project, where the aim is to significantly reduce the time taken and complexity […]

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New Efficiencies More Important Than Ever In Manufacturing

By IntelligentHQ

New Efficiencies More Important Than Ever In Manufacturing

New Efficiencies More Important Than Ever In Manufacturing

The pace of change in manufacturing today is faster than it ever has been before. The world has seen three industrial revolutions already; first, when textile manufacturers in 18th century Britain mechanized production, second, when Henry Ford created the assembly line in manufacturing automobiles, and third, when automation and computers were first introduced into factories. Technology during these shifts advanced along a linear path. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, the introduction of cyber physical systems, is advancing at an exponential rate.

Technology is moving rapidly and manufacturers are investing heavily because they know that finding new efficiencies will be the only way to stay competitive in the future. The industry is shifting from finding efficiencies by cutting down labor costs (and moving as much as possible to cheaper labor markets), toward a world where highly-skilled workers and highly-automated factories guided by IoT will have the competitive edge. The latest industrial revolution means providing higher quality components at lower prices, while talent and technology will give manufacturers their edge.

Image source: Forbes

When it comes to metrology, new equipment and software are unlocking new capabilities in coordinate measuring machines. Automated coordinate measuring machines, 3D laser scanners, real-time data collection, and software that can predict equipment collisions and adjust errors are all becoming a reality on shop floors across the globe. It’s probably time that you update your CMM measuring machine if you want to keep your technology competitive. In the race to build higher quality components to compete with both lower-cost labor markets and economies like Japan and Germany (which have a lead on automation), North American shops will have to take a close look at their metrology equipment.

Coordinate measuring machines are the cornerstone of your Quality Assurance department and you need technology that’s not just highly accurate but also efficient. While coordinate measuring machines themselves are not very different today than they were ten years ago, new software and equipment has made major strides. Here are just some of the updates you may want to consider, available from metrologists like Canadian Measurement Metrology (CMM):

Multi-sensor Coordinate Measuring Machines – There’s more to today’s coordinate measuring machines that just touch-trigger probes. Touch-trigger probes are precise but slow, but now metrologists use laser scanners in conjunction with touch probes to drastically speed things up and even make automated measurement possible.

Polyworks – Polyworks received a 2017 software update that introduces a suite of new capabilities to speed up your QA process. It’s based on “control-centric reviewing workflow,” which means rapid data collection and real-time collision analysis. It can help you introduce one of the core design principles of Industry 4.0: decentralized decision-making. Ask about Polyworks and software training at metrology shops like CMM for more details.

3D Laser Scanners – 3D laser scanners provide fast, precise measurements and can be used on a portable arm, on a coordinate measuring machine, or on their own. They come in two basic types: lasers scanners and structured light scanners. While laser scanners use guided laser beams to calculate distance, structured light scanners measure using projected patterns of light with a camera.

With these tools, you can bring your shop to a new level of accuracy and efficiency. Speed up inspections and guarantee higher quality components.

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Cristiano R. Amon named president of Qualcomm

By Zenobia Hegde

Qualcomm Incorporated announced Cristiano R. Amon, executive vice president, Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. and president of QCT, has been promoted to president of Qualcomm Incorporated, effective January 4, 2018. In his new role, Amon will formulate and drive key strategies for growing the company in both Qualcomm’s core businesses, as well as new business opportunities. Amon will also continue to lead the QCT business, reporting to Steve Mollenkopf, chief executive officer of Qualcomm Incorporated.

“Cristiano’s unique mix of business, engineering and operational skills and experience make him ideally suited to continue driving Qualcomm’s technology and leadership positions across mobile, IoT, automotive, edge computing and networking – and lead the transition to 5G,” said Steve Mollenkopf, chief executive officer of Qualcomm Incorporated.

Amon joined Qualcomm in 1995 as an engineer and has subsequently held numerous business and technical leadership roles. Prior to Qualcomm, Amon served as the chief technical officer of Vésper, a wireless operator in Brazil and held positions at NEC, Ericsson and Velocom Inc. Amon holds a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from UNICAMP – Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

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SixDomainChain Foundation Launches IoT Blockchain Commercialization Initiative: SDChain

By IoT – Internet of Things

SixDomainChain Foundation, a Singapore-based IoT blockchain organization, recently announces the launch of SDChain Initiative to serve East Asian IoT markets with innovative blockchain 4.0 technology. SDChain, an IoT blockchain commercialization initiative, aims to create a partnership ecosystem of sharing trustable IoT digital assets generated from devices, that integrates international standards of IoT six-domain model and […]

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Telit Unveils AppZone 4 In-module IoT Development Environment

By IoT – Internet of Things

Telit, a global enabler of the Internet of Things (IoT), recently announced immediate availability of version 4.0 of its IoT development environment, the IoT AppZone. The new version of IoT AppZone expands features for the well-established flagship AppZone C and adds new functionality including an emulator and support for Lua, a lightweight scripting language optimized […]

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Eliminate Business and IT Roadblocks with Business Integration Software

By prince@4

If you are a technology leader than you need to fix every IT problem your company faces to stand out. For enhanced performance and efficiency your organization needs to unify its technology systems, i.e., contact centers, services, transaction systems, products, mobility, gadgets, etc. into one unit. A business integration solution gives the versatility to combine […]

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Cloud Security Alliance Announces Launch of CCSK v4

By IoT – Internet of Things

The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA), the world’s leading organization dedicated to defining and raising awareness of best practices to help ensure a secure cloud computing environment, recently announced the general availability of its latest industry leading Certificate of Cloud Security Knowledge exam, version 4 (CCSK v4). The new exam has been significantly updated to reflect […]

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Frost & Sullivan: Over half of the billions of IoT devices in the market will live in connected spaces

By Zenobia Hegde

Irdeto, the digital platform security provider, and global analyst firm, Frost & Sullivan, have published a new whitepaper outlining that more than half of the 45.4 billion IoT devices expected to be in use by 2023 will be implemented in connected spaces, including homes, buildings and cities. While IoT plays a significant role in shaping the future of connected spaces, the successful transformation of connected homes, buildings and cities is dependent upon simple, frictionless and dynamic security.

Security Essentials for IoT Deployments in Connected Spaces examines IoT cybersecurity challenges and vulnerabilities, cyberattacks associated with IoT technology, the impact of those attacks and key considerations for effective security strategies for IoT deployments.

Not only can cybersecurity incidents cause operational disruptions, breached devices can also be commandeered to launch botnet attacks on other devices and systems. Frost & Sullivan research indicates that more than 70% of enterprises today believe security is a top consideration for their business when making an IoT purchasing decision. These organisations expect security to emerge as the top consideration for more than 90% of customers by 2020.

“The introduction of IoT technologies into connected spaces can bring about many vulnerabilities that hackers exploit,” said Vikrant Gandhi, industry director, Frost & Sullivan. “IoT creates new security challenges that cannot be properly addressed by traditional IT security technologies and approaches. While the basic concepts of protection remain, memory and processor limitations, data velocity and device volumes present unique challenges to IoT security. Therefore, IoT must be secured by using efficient technologies that are purpose-built for these unique environments.”

Organisations today recognise the importance of connectivity to meet customer demand and maintain a competitive edge. However, compromised IoT devices can pose significant risks to consumers and businesses. A recent survey by Irdeto found that that 90% of consumers believe it is important that a connected device has security built into the product. In addition, 76% of consumers think that manufacturers of smart devices are responsible for implementing cybersecurity.

Vikrant Gandhi

“As the number of connected devices grows, hackers are offered more vulnerabilities to exploit,” said Mark Hearn, director of IoT Security, Irdeto. “With the cross-contamination of connected devices, threats easily cross boundaries of the connected home and the connected building, affecting transportation, threatening mobile devices and ultimately damaging the enterprise. To address this, organisations must implement a defense-in-depth approach to cybersecurity that integrates multiple layers of security into a system. This approach, combined with a predict-prevent-detect-respond security framework, is critical to mitigating attacks targeting IoT technologies.”

To protect against cyberattacks targeting IoT technologies, Cloakware™ for IoT Security is a battle-proven solution that protects customers’ IoT applications and connected devices from reverse engineering, tampering and circumvention, keeping hackers and cybercriminals out of their products.

Irdeto’s multi-layered, ever-evolving security prevents hackers from accessing their systems and running malicious, damaging code. Irdeto’s technologies create a hardened perimeter of security around a company’s most valuable assets, ensuring that only the software specified runs on their systems and devices.

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Connecting the IoT – The narrowband opportunity

By Zenobia Hegde

The launch of the iPhone in 2007 took mobile operators by complete surprise – they simply weren’t prepared for the huge increase in mobile data usage generated by the devices, says Dr. Stamatis Georgoulis, product director, Cobham Wireless.

It took them years to develop the network infrastructure that could efficiently support smartphone data services. Fast forward ten years and mobile operators are again trying to avoid the same fate as they prepare for the next major disruption in the industry: the Internet of Things (IoT).

Gartner estimates that by 2020 there will be 20.4 billion connected devices – that’s the equivalent of approximately three devices for every person on earth today. These devices will all require mobile connectivity, with a lot of them connected via a mobile operator’s wireless network. This is a daunting prospect for operators, which are already facing a capacity shortage across their networks, particularly in built-up urban areas.

However, operators are equally aware that there is a huge opportunity to derive new revenue from connecting IoT devices and systems to their networks. There is also a role for them in delivering new services and applications to support the growing ecosystem. This month, Vodafone announced the launch of its first Internet of Things hardware, which includes a car dongle and 4G security camera. As Vodafone has demonstrated, operators are in a unique position to provide not only the connectivity, but also the end-user technology and interface.

To take advantage of the IoT opportunity new connectivity standards are required, first and foremost, to ensure that mobile data is used efficiently, avoiding a capacity crunch that could cause their networks to come to a standstill. These new systems not only need to be developed, but also to undergo testing and validation to ensure commercial reliability. Operators across the globe are now weighing up options for how best to evolve their network infrastructure in order to efficiently connect the abundance of new devices entering the ecosystem.

The options for connecting the IoT

Low power wide area network (LPWAN) is the key to connecting the IoT. It is designed with end-user devices in mind, supporting low power battery consumption, which could hypothetically enable small devices to stay powered for ten years on a single charge. The radio standard can also connect low-cost chip sets, making devices and systems more affordable. The first choice that operators have when it comes to LPWAN technology, is whether to focus their efforts on connectivity via the unlicensed or licenced spectrum.

LoRa (developed by Semtech, and backed by an industry alliance), and SigFox (backed by a French company of the same name), both use unlicensed spectrum. These technologies require a new network infrastructure to operate, distinct from current cellular technology.

This means that if an operator integrates the technology into its base stations, it would have far less control over the radio traffic than with traditional cellular radio technology, because they do not operate in the same part of the radio spectrum. LoRa and SigFox, however, are ideal for isolated network applications due to […]

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