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Software radio reconfiguration enables upgrades to in-vehicle and IoT radio systems

By Zenobia Hedge

Most new cars sold today offer connectivity as a feature, whether standard or optional. Customers expect their navigation systems to be connected, to download real time traffic information and map updates.

Vehicle manufacturers increasingly provide remote diagnostics and vehicle software updates. And yet a fundamental problem remains: today these vehicles use 2G, 3G or 4G mobile networks to connect, while long before the end of their useful lives, 5G networks will be more common. The complete lifecycle of a vehicle is significantly longer than that of a mobile device, and completely out of step.

ETSI’s Technical Committee for Reconfigurable Radio Systems has developed a system which can help solve this and similar issues. ETSI’s Software Radio Reconfiguration model provides a modular and scalable solution to the challenge of deploying and using software radio systems.

The solution, described in a recent ETSI white paper and in the EN 303 146 series of European Standards, allows a gradual and stepwise deployment of software reconfigurable radio. This enables device manufacturers to gradually implement software reconfigurable radios, developing confidence at each step of the way.

The ETSI Software Radio Reconfiguration model provides solutions to the following issues which all software radio systems must address:

How to transfer and install radio software components in a secure way
How to provide access to new software components to a user/operator
How to deal with device certification and type approval when new radio software components can modify the radio behaviour of a device
How to provide software portability and achieve efficient radio performance
How to gradually evolve a system towards software reconfigurability

With the use of software reconfigurable radio, the radio system on board a vehicle can evolve and improve over time, with new software upgrades. Software reconfigurable radios will also help in other situations. For example, security concerns may require the upgrade and patching of radio systems deployed in the field. Yet manual intervention would be costly in the case of vehicles, or even impossible in the case of inaccessible IoT devices.

An overview of the ETSI model and the solutions and functionality it offers is provided in the recent ETSI White Paper “Software Radio Reconfiguration: A highly efficient and modular software reconfiguration approach for mobile devices”, available from the ETSI website. ETSI will also host a webinar on this subject, on 8 December 2017. Registration is open on the ETSI webinar channel.

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IoT Contract Hot List – July/August 2017

By IoT Now Magazine

It’s free to be included in The Contract Hot List, which shows the companies announcing major contract wins, acquisitions or deployments. Email your contract details to us now, marked “Hot List” at j.cowan@wkm-global.com Vendor/Partners Client, Country Product / Service (Duration & Value) Awarded Aeris Wisepill Technologies, South Africa Collaboration to introduce IoT-enabled smart pillboxes 8.17 […]

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InfiNet Wireless to showcase its latest Smart City solutions at GITEX Technology Week 2017

By Sheetal Kumbhar

InfiNet Wireless, the provider in fixed broadband wireless connectivity, will showcase its cutting-edge Smart City solution portfolio at GITEX Technology Week 2017 in Dubai, 8-12 October. Addressing the mission-critical needs of homeland security, traffic management and optimisation, remote environmental and health monitoring, InfiNet’s portfolio is uniquely positioned to deliver the robust and reliable infrastructures which […]

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US smart home shoppers favour home protection features over automation, says Strategy Analytics

By Sheetal Kumbhar

US consumers are more 12 times more likely to choose Fire Alerts and Emergency Notifications than programming their irrigation systems according to research just released by Strategy Analytics. The report, “Identifying the most preferred smart home capabilities in Europe and the US” presents results of a survey of more than 8,000 broadband households across Europe […]

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IoT platforms can expose the data needed to augment realities and generate real value for industrial enterprises

By IoT Now Magazine

Mike Campbell is the general manager of the ThingWorx business at PTC. The company has recently launched ThingWorx 8, which is a purpose-built platform for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) that enables you to quickly build and deploy new apps and augmented reality (AR) experiences. The ThingWorx Platform contains specific functionality designed for industrial […]

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Six policy proposals: what’s up for discussion at APNIC 44

By Adam Gosling Managing the remaining IPv4 /8, leasing address space, and IPv6 allocation procedures are among the proposals to be discussed at the three-session Open Policy Meeting at APNIC 44 next month.

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RPKI: The Key to Routing Security

By Andy Newton

We are big fans of making sure the Internet is secure, and a lot of that comes from understanding how networks communicate with one another on the Internet. Internet Service Providers (ISPs) request a block of IP addresses from a Regional Internet Registry (RIR), such as us! The RIR records this information in a publicly accessible registry. Network administrators then configure their routers to announce their IP addresses to the rest of the Internet. However, network administrators will sometimes announce IP addresses that don’t belong to them, either by accident or on purpose. A wrongly announced IP address block can take an entire network offline.

So, what can you do to prevent this from happening? The answer is Resource Certification. As IPv4 address space depletes, an urgent need exists to strengthen routing security, and we are here to help you with that.

What is RPKI?

RPKI stands for Resource Public Key Infrastructure and its purpose is to be one of the main building blocks behind routing security on the Internet. Using cryptographically verifiable certificates, RPKI allows IP address holders to create public statements specifying which Autonomous Systems are authorized to originate their IP address prefixes. These statements, known as Route Origin Authorizations (ROAs), allow network operators to make informed routing decisions, and help secure Internet routing in general.

Why use it?

Internet routing is dependent upon many chains of relationships that are based on mutual trust. Each party trusts that the route used to transmit information is safe, accurate, and will not be maliciously altered. This was sufficient in the early stages of Internet development, but has become increasingly vulnerable to attack as the Internet’s resources have seen a massive increase in usage.

As IPv4 address space continues to deplete, it’s increasingly important to strengthen your routing security. RPKI helps to ensure that Internet number resource holders are certifiably linked to those resources, and reliable routing origin data is available to help determine routing decisions.

Here are a few examples of when RPKI could have prevented disaster:

  • In late 2013 and early 2014, Dell Secure Works noticed /24 announcements were being hijacked. Amazon, OVH, Digital Ocean, LeaseWeb, and Alibaba networks were being routed to a small network in Canada. Data between Bitcoin miners and Bitcoin data pools were intercepted – an estimated haul of $83,000. All of this could have been prevented with RPKI.
  • The Turkish President ordered censorship of Twitter. Turk Telekom’s DNS servers were configured to return false IP addresses, so people started using Google’s DNS (8.8.8.8). Turk Telekom hijacked Google’s IP addresses in BGP. RPKI could have stopped this from happening.
  • In another instance, Pakistan Telecom was ordered to block YouTube. They originated their own route for YouTube’s IP address block which resulted in YouTube’s traffic being temporarily diverted to Pakistan. This incident could have been prevented with widespread adoption of RPKI.

Internet routing today is vulnerable to hijacking, and the provisioning/use of certificates is one of the steps required to make routing more secure. Widespread RPKI adoption will help simplify IP address holder verification and routing decision-making throughout our region.

How can I participate through ARIN?

ARIN Online users may now participate in RPKI, and it is a free, opt-in service. In order to participate you will need:

  • IPv4 or IPv6 resources obtained directly from ARIN
  • A signed RSA or LRSA covering the resources you wish to certify
  • ARIN Online account linked to an admin or tech Point of Contact (POC) with authority to manage the resources you wish to certify

For detailed instructions on how to participate in RPKI through ARIN Online, please our RPKI info page.

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PTC to expand it’s industrial IoT tech offering with the launch of ThingWorx 8 industrial IoT platform

By Sheetal Kumbhar

LiveWorx®17, PTC announced the latest version of its ThingWorx® Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) platform – ThingWorx 8. With this update, PTC aims to evolve ThingWorx into a more robust and comprehensive Industrial IoT technology offering for businesses looking to accelerate Industrial IoT value. ThingWorx 8 reportedly features enhanced platform capabilities, role-specific applications for engineering and […]

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IoTium Closes $8.4M Series A to compete in IIoT networking

IoTium, a Santa Clara-based network infrastructure company for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), announced on May 11th, 2017 that it has raised $8.39M in Series A funding. The round was led by March Capital Partners and GE Ventures. Other investors included OpenSource Ventures and Juniper Networks.

The NaaS (Network-as-a-Service) provider will use the proceeds to expand into new verticals such as building & industrial automation, oil and gas, transportation and smart city. IoTium aims to connect legacy on-site systems in industrial environments with cloud applications. The primary challenge that the startup promises to solve is deployment complexity related to security and scalability in IIoT applications.

The three main use cases of IoTium’s technology are secure remote connectivity, network infrastructure for smart lighting, and smart city app containerization.

The interest of large companies is IoT-based network providers has increased. It was only recently that Cisco announced to acquire Viptela, a networking technology startup based in San Jose for $610M. Another startup, Nevada-based wireless industrial networks provider Filament had raised $15M in new funding in April 2017.

Use the IoT Standards and Protocol guide to help clarify with IoT layer technology stack and head-to-head comparisons.

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