Leading Domain Registries and Registrars Release Joint Document on Addressing ‘DNS Abuse’

By CircleID Reporter

A group of leading domain name registries and registrars have joined forces in the fight against abuse in the Domain Name System (DNS), by developing a “Framework to Address Abuse.” Each contributing company has shared its expertise and experience mitigating abusive practices with the goal of submitting the resulting Framework as a foundational document for further discussion in the multistakeholder community. The group includes Public Interest Registry, GoDaddy, Donuts, Tucows, Amazon Registry Services, Inc., Blacknight Solutions, Afilias, Name.com, Amazon Registrar, Inc., Neustar and Nominet UK.

“The registries and registrars participating in this effort recognize that the health and security of the DNS is essential to the trust and safety of the Internet overall and that they have an important, yet often misunderstood, role to play as stewards of this public resource,” a spokesperson for the group told CircleID. The group considers the Framework as a critical first step in the scope of the broader community effort to tackle DNS Abuse.

Noteworthy paragraphs from the released document:

What is DNS abuse? “Before DNS Abuse can be effectively addressed, we recognize the need for a shared understanding as how to define it.” The group has collectively defined DNS Abuse as five broad categories of harmful activity: “malware, botnets, phishing, pharming, and spam (when it serves as a delivery mechanism for the other forms of DNS Abuse)”

When Should a Domain Name Registrar or Registry Act on Website Content Abuse? “Despite the fact that registrars and registries have only one blunt and disproportionate tool to address Website Content Abuse [i.e. disabling the entire domain name], we believe there are certain forms of Website Content Abuse that are so egregious that the contracted party should act when provided with specific and credible notice. Specifically, even without a court order, we believe a registry or registrar should act to disrupt the following forms of Website Content Abuse: (1) child sexual abuse materials (“CSAM”); (2) illegal distribution of opioids online; (3) human trafficking; and (4) specific and credible incitements to violence.”

Read the full document here.

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More under: Cybercrime, Cybersecurity, DNS, DNS Security, Domain Names, ICANN, Internet Governance, Policy & Regulation, Spam, Web

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Orange Selects Chordant and its SCS Technology for IoT Device…

Examples of Chordant’s extensive work in developing IoT applications are on display with global telecoms leader Orange at the ETSI IoT Week in France.

(PRWeb October 18, 2019)

Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/orange_selects_chordant_and_its_scs_technology_for_iot_device_management_application/prweb16658192.htm

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TimescaleDB Delivers Another Option for Time-Series Analytics

By Alex Woodie

Companies that want to run analytics atop time-series data have a few options available to them. One of the newest is TimescaleDB, an extension of PostgreSQL that was released as open source by the company Timescale about a year ago. Datanami recently caught up with Timescale co-founder and CEO Ajay Kulkarni at the Strata Data Conference in New York.

Kulkarni and his Timescale co-founder, CTO Michael Freedman, didn’t set out initially to build a time-series database back in 2015. In fact, their plan was to build an Internet of Things (IoT) platform that could store and process data arriving from hundreds of thousands of devices.

“We said ‘Oh, hey, time-series data, time-series databases. That’s a new category. There’s probably some companies that do this well. Let’s use some of their products,’” Kulkarni said.

The technologists adopted one of the time-series databases on the market at that time, but they ran into some issues pretty quickly. For starters, the time-series database they adopted was a NoSQL database, which forced Kulkarni and Freedman to take additional steps to normalize the data before querying it. It also didn’t support SQL, and was not overly reliable.

Ajay Kulkarni, CEO and co-founder of Timescale

“We had our device metadata in Postgres and our sensor data in a time-series database, and we had to do complex joins at the application level,” to bring them together, Kulkarni said. “And anytime you wanted to look at something new, like ‘Hey can we look at device uptime by device type?’ it required an engineering sprint to get that out. We said, ‘This is just a database join! Why isn’t the device data and the data that describes the devices in the same database?’”

The pair was reluctant to embark upon extra development work if it didn’t have to, but they couldn’t find the tools they needed to complete their project. “Our philosophy is that we don’t want to embark upon science projects,” Kulkarni said. “Why reinvent the world if you don’t have to?”

That led them to look at Postgres, the 30-year year old relational database. While Postgres was time-tested and battle-hardened, it wasn’t really developed for time-series data specifically, and so Kulkarni and Freedman modified it to store and query time-series data more efficiently.

The Postgres extension that Kulkarni and Freedman developed essentially is an abstraction that allows many individual database tables to be viewed as a single table, what they called a “hypertable.” This hypertable view is made up of many chunks that are created by partitioning the data either according to a time interval or by a “partition key,” such as device ID, location, or user ID.

The database extension gave Kulkarni the performance they needed to efficiently store and query hundreds of millions of rows of time-series data, but without modifying the underlying Postgres database to the extent that future Postgres fixes would not function without extra development work. In other words, they didn’t fork Postgres.

Interest in time-scale databases (purple line) has grown faster than any other database category over the past two years, according to DB-Engines.com

“People thought we were crazy when we first did this,” Kulkarni said. “We said, you could actually build this on Postgres, and there’s a lot of benefits if you do that. Number one, Postgres is open, it’s rock solid, it’s reliable. Number two, there’s already a Postgres community. And three, there’s a broad ecosystem of tools that’s larger than any time-series database. And you get full SQL out of the box.”

Kulkarni and Freedman put this Postgres extension at the heart of their IoT platform, and prepared to sell and support that offering. But the surprises were not over for the two. “Long story short,” Kulkarni said, “they were more interested in the database than they were in the IoT stuff, so we rebranded with the Timescale launch two-and-a-half years ago.”

Since officially launching at the Strata + Hadoop World conference in San Jose in April 2017, Timescale has attracted quite a bit of interest, from both customers and investors. Since then, interest in time-series databases in grown faster than any other database category, according to data collected from DB-Engines.com.

“The key reason why you’d want a time-series database is performance, ease of use and cost,” Kulkarni said. “The fundamental idea is if you build something that’s optimized for a workload, then you can much better performance and put out a much better user experience than you could otherwise, which is why we see 1,000 times faster queries than Postgres, Cassandra, and MongoDB for time-series data.”

On the customer front, the company counts names like ADP, Bloomberg, Comcast, and Schneider Electric as enterprise customers. The company has attracted one of the world’s largest gaming companies, as well as marketing analytics firms. There’s also a cryptocurrency firm using TimescaleDB, Kulkarni said.

When Timescale was founded, Kulkarni figured the database would mostly be used for storing and analyzing IoT and IT monitoring data. But in fact, the use cases have been much broader, he said. That’s because time-series data has suddenly become ubiquitous, Kulkarni said.

“Organizations want to make better data-driven decisions faster. What does that mean?” he asked. “Better data-driven decisions means you want to store data in the highest fidelity that you can, and time-series is actually the highest fidelity that you can capture, because every data in its raw form has a timestamp.”

On the investor front, the New York company has raised more than $31 million from some of the biggest Silicon Valley venture capital firms, including Icon Ventures, New Enterprise Associates, and Benchmark. The open source version of TimescaleDB has been downloaded millions of times, and the project will soon have more GitHub stars than Druid, Kulkarni said.

“We’ve had massive growth because people had the same pain point we had, which was time-series databases before TimeScale didn’t support a relational model, and they didn’t support full SQL,” he said.

TimescaleDB can maintain a data ingestion rate at higher scale than plain vanilla Postgres, according to Timescale

Timescale 1.0 shipped about a year ago, around the same time that AWS launched its own time-series database, called TimeSteram. Up to this point, the database has been deployed on single-node systems, which requires customers to get bigger machines if they want to scale up. In August, the company announced the first distributed version of TimescaleDB, which is currently in beta and expected to become generally available before the end of the year.

The new distributed version of TimescaleDB will use “chunking” instead of “sharding.” It will let users scale the database to handle petabytes of time-series data and to be able to calculate more than 10 million metrics per second, Kulkarni said. The company is also working on a new compression algorithm that will boost data storage capacities by 20x to 40x, he said.

The company also recently launched a cloud version of the database, called Timescale Cloud. The on-demand time-series service is available on all three major public clouds.

Related Items:

AWS Launches Time-Series Database

Time-Series Leader InfluxData Raises More Cash

The post TimescaleDB Delivers Another Option for Time-Series Analytics appeared first on Datanami.

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Wearables for Christ: Vatican Launches New ‘Click to Pray eRosary’

By Joel Hruska

The Vatican has announced a new initiative to launch a unique wearable into the secular world: the eRosary. The Click To Pray eRosary (that’s the actual name) is described as “an interactive, smart and app-driven wearable device that serves as a tool for learning how to pray the rosary for peace in the world.”

Having been raised a Protestant, I had to do a little digging on this point. I’m aware of what a rosary is — a string of prayer beads for reciting prayers — but not so much what its specific meaning is in the Catholic faith. The beads of the rosary (technically the Holy Rosary) are used to count the component prayers as one recites them. According to the Vatican, the eRosary is activated by making the sign of the cross. Once you’ve completed the “swipe to pray” step (that’s our framing, not the Pope’s), you can choose which kind of rosary you want to perform. There’s a standard rosary, a “contemplative rosary,” and various “thematic rosaries” that will be updated throughout the year. Initial themes include the Laudato Si, migrants and refugees, vocations, and young people. The app contains audio guides and information on how to pray the rosary and tracks the user’s progress.

According to the Vatican, the eRosary is just the latest device in the “Click to Pray” family, described as “the official prayer app of the Pope’s Worldwide Prayer Network (where Pope Francis has his own personal profile) that connects thousands of people around the globe to pray every day.” This does appear to be the first time the Vatican has released a wearable, however.

The device is described as consisting of ten black agate and hematite rosary beads, as well as a “smart cross” which stores all technical data and houses the SoC. The app, however, appears to handle all of the actual user-interaction — the “smart cross,” (their phrase, not mine) does not appear to interact directly with the user. Engadget claims that the device also tracks health-related information, but I can’t find any information on what kind of health data it can record.

One can imagine a lot of crossover potential for a Smart Cross with health tracking. You’d think CrossFit would positively leap for a brand association like this. And on that note:

The device is manufactured by Taiwanese manufacturer GadgTek and is sold on Acer’s website for €99, or roughly $109.

The Internet of Holy Shit?

At ExtremeTech, we sometimes write up gadgets like this with an eye towards just how ridiculous they are. Smart condoms, smart locks, smart toasters, and shoes with bad firmware have all come under the hammer before. Also, Juicero. I don’t care if Juicero wasn’t actually an IoT company — anyone who builds a $700 juice-squeezer with integrated DRM and brings it to market with drink packs that expire 5-7 days after purchase deserves a robust mocking.

I am not Catholic and do not participate in Catholic religious practices, but I view the eRosary as different from the products I’ve been known to take a hammer to on ExtremeTech. Billions of people around the world are religious in various ways. One of the most fascinating questions about the rise of the internet and modern technology has been how various faith traditions would respond. The question of how to use modern smartphone apps to create a meaningful sense of connection with others has salience far outside any question of religious practice.

With that said, this device absolutely should be held to the same standard as any other wearable or IoT product: Health data should be well-analyzed according to best practices and safeguarded if stored. The device and associated app need to be free of any predatory advertising or agreements that allow the Vatican to share data with “trusted partners.” It deserves to be reviewed on its own merits to decide whether it’s worth a ~$110 asking price, and as someone who doesn’t share the faith, I’m obviously not going to be able to offer much opinion on the pros or cons.

I may not be Catholic, but I’ll admit I’m curious to find out if an application and a smart cross turn out to be a smash hit for the Catholic church. As for the subhed above, I confess. I found “The Internet of Holy Shit” too good a play on words to pass up, particularly given that long-established nickname for the more ignominious of IoT devices. Even journalists have our indulgences, wordplay chief among them.

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IPv4: Tod auf Raten

IPv4: Tod auf Raten

Der europäischen Adressvergabestelle gehen die letzten IPv4-Adressblöcke aus. Dennoch verbreitet sich IPv6 nur schleppend, besonders im Mobilfunk.

Read more here:: www.heise.de/netze/rss/netze-atom.xml

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